Um país de malfeitores

taxes

Além da “ditadura fiscal” que refere o Miguel Noronha aqui em baixo, a principal consequência de uma lei impossível de aplicar é o poder arbitrário que atribui aos funcionários do estado, que passam a ter mais uma forma caprichosa de ameaçar o cidadão comum.

«There’s no way to rule innocent men. The only power any government has is the power to crack down on criminals. Well, when there aren’t enough criminals one makes them. One declares so many things to be a crime that it becomes impossible for men to live without breaking laws.» – Ayn Rand

4 pensamentos sobre “Um país de malfeitores

  1. Joaquim Amado Lopes

    A citação de Ayn Rand não se aplica a este caso. Aplicar-se-ia se fosse assim:
    «There’s no way to rule innocent men. The only power any government has is the power to crack down on criminals. Well, when the government itself is made of and friends of criminals, one invents new crimes. One declares so many things to be a crime that it becomes impossible to pursuit every criminal, justifying the focus on those ‘criminals’ that aren’t part of nor friends of the government.»

  2. lucklucky

    Da América, recente:

    Ham Sandwich Nation: Due Process When Everything is a Crime – pdf para download. Texto curto.

    “Though extensive due process protections apply to the investigation of crimes, and to criminal trials, perhaps the most important part of the criminal process — the decision whether to charge a defendant, and with what — is almost entirely discretionary. Given the plethora of criminal laws and regulations in today’s society, this due process gap allows prosecutors to charge almost anyone they take a deep interest in. ”

    Given the vast web of legislation and regulation that exists today, virtually any American is at risk of prosecution should a prosecutor decide that they are, in Jackson’s words, a person “he should get.”
    As Tim Wu recounted in 2007, a popular game in the U.S. Attorney’s office in the Southern District of New York was to name a famous person–Mother Teresa, or John Lennon-and decide how they could be prosecuted.:

    And, once charged with a crime, citizens are in a tough position. First, they must bear the costs of a defense, unless they’re indigent. Second, even if they consider themselves entirely innocent, they will face strong pressure to accept a plea bargain, pressure made worse by the modern tendency of prosecutors to overcharge with extensive “kitchen-‐sink” indictments: When facing a hundred felony charges, the prospect that a jury might go along with even one of them is enough to make a plea deal look attractive, something that many prosecutors count on. Then, of course, there are the reputational damages involved, which may be of greatest importance precisely in cases where political motivations might be involved. And prosecutors have no countervailing incentives not to overcharge. A defendant who makes the wrong choice will wind up in jail; a prosecutor who charges improperly will suffer little, if any, adverse consequence beyond a poor win/loss record. Prosecutors are even absolutely immune from lawsuits over misconduct in their prosecutorial capacity.

    http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2203713

    “Overcriminalization has thus left us in a peculiar place: Though people suspected of a crime have extensive due process rights in dealing with the police, and people charged with a crime have even more extensive due process rights in court, the actual decision whether or not to charge a person with a crime is almost completely unconstrained. Yet, because of overcharging and plea bargains, that decision is probably the single most important event in the chain of criminal procedure.”

    http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2013/01/8-ways-to-stop-overzealous-prosecutors-from-destroying-lives/267360/

  3. Euro2cent

    Penso que um dia apanhei o Aristoteles a dizer mais ou menos o mesmo. Não consigo encontrar a citação, mas a coisa não é de hoje …

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